India is the 2nd largest Exporter of Sugar in the World. A white sweet crystal made primarily from sugar cane or sugar beets. It can also be produced from maple tree or certain palm trees. It is a type of carbohydrate which has replaced the traditional honey as a sweetener. It enhances the taste, structure, texture and appearance of many dishes, especially baked. Sugar is used as a sweetener, dissolved to make syrups, used to retain colour in foods and also give a crispy texture. It is used in shortening, to impart colour, preserve foods and prevent lumping. It lends tenderness to dough's and provides stability to mixtures. It is an indispensable ingredient for bakers.
Raw sugar: Dark golden with a very intense flavour, it has a coarse texture.
Golden castor sugar: Golden colour warm sugar that is commonly used in sponged.
Light brown soft sugar: Rich full flavour which is popular in fruit cakes and puddings.
Granulated sugar: White crystals good for all recipes. Granulated or white sugar is most popularly used, though castor [superfine] sugar dissolves better in baking.
Caster sugar: powdered finer than granules, it dissolves more easily and is used in more baking recipes.
Icing sugar: Fine powder with a smooth texture used in many desserts.